Today we’ll be learning the following. I’ve outlined a rough schedule just below this paragraph, but it will vary depending on both human and technical variables. At any stage, feel free to let me know whether we should slow down, speed up, define, redefine, and so forth. I want to make sure you come away confident in your ability to use Omeka and (just as important!) to teach students to use Omeka. I’m just fine with detours, so long as they contribute to your projects and your teaching. Continue reading
I regularly run workshops on humanities network analysis. For participants, I’ve compiled some starting instructions, sample data files, and suggested reading below.
- First and foremost, I would highly recommend reading Scott Weingart’s ongoing blog series, “Demystifying Networks”. Weingart does an excellent job explaining both how networks are structured and identifying what humanists need to understand deeply to use network methods well.
- For a more practical introduction to the specific tool Gephi, see Amanda Visconti’s posts on using Gephi for information visualization.
- Miriam Posner’s “Social Network Analysis Glossary” provides clear and concise definitions of the major terms in the field.
- HT also to Miriam Posner for recommending Mushon Zer-Aviv’s “If Everything is a Network, Nothing is a Network” for some needed nuance about what networks reveal and where they go wrong.
- Of course, no such list should exclude Franco Moretti’s “Network Theory, Plot Analysis,” which has sparked many humanists’ interest in network methods.
- Finally, you might browse the posts and resources at the Historical Network Research site for ideas about how historians and other humanists are applying network analysis methods in their research.
Tools for Network Analysis
There are many options at various skill levels for humanists interested in network analysis. Here are just a few:
- If you’re looking for an especially straightforward platform for basic network analyses, you might check out Palladio which adapts the platform designed for Stanford’s Mapping the Republic of Letters project for other scholars’ use. Martin Düring’s tutorial at the Programming Historian focuses on extracting network data from unstructured text and visualizing it in Palladio, and Miriam Posner’s “Getting Started with Palladio” introduces the tool’s network functionalities (along with much else).
- You can also create basic network graphs using Fusion Tables.
- If you are running Windows with Microsoft Excel installed, Node XL aims to make generating network graphs from an Excel spreadsheet as easy as creating a pie chart. Unfortunately Node XL is incompatible with Mac versions of Excel.
- And of course, if you’re comfortable with programming languages there are plenty of methods for generating network graphs by hand. Taylor Arnold and Lauren Tilton write about using R for network analysis in Humanities Data in R and Lincoln Mullen has a growing resource in Digital History Methods in R, including an in-progress chapter on networks.
This Workshop: Gephi
For this workshop, we will be using Gephi, one of the most widely-used tools for network analysis and visualization. You will need to download and install the application before we can get started. If you find it runs slowly (or not at all) you might need to update Java on your system.
The following is a talk I’ve revised over the past few years. It began with a post on “curricular incursion”, the ideas of which developed through a talk at DH2013 and two invited talks, one at the University of Michigan’s Institute for the Humanities in March 2014 and another at the Freedman Center for Digital Scholarship’s “Pedagogy and Practices” Colloquium at Case Western Reserve University in November 2014. I’ve embedded a video from the latter presentation at the bottom of the article. There is a more polished version of the article available in Debates in the Digital Humanities 2016.
In late summer of 2010, I arrived on the campus of St. Norbert College in De Pere, Wisconsin. I was a newly-minted assistant professor, brimming with optimism, and the field with which I increasingly identified my work—this “digital humanities”—had just been declared “the first ‘next big thing’ in a long time” by William Pannapacker in his Chronicle of Higher Education column. “We are now realizing,” Pannapacker had written of the professors gathered at the Modern Language Association’s annual convention, “that resistance is futile.” So of course I immediately proposed a new “Introduction to Digital Humanities” course for upper-level undergraduates at St. Norbert. My syllabus was, perhaps, hastily constructed—patched together from “Intro to DH” syllabi in a Zotero group—but surely it would pass muster. They had hired me, after all; surely they were keen to see digital humanities in the curriculum. In any case, how could the curricular committee reject “the next big thing?” particularly when resistance was futile?
But reject it they did. They wrote back with concerns about the “student constituency” for the course, its overall theme, my expected learning outcomes, the projected enrollment, the course texts, and the balance between theoretical and practical instruction in the day-to-day operations of the class.
- What would be the student constituency for this course? It looks like it will be somewhat specialized and the several topics seems to suggest graduate student level work. Perhaps you could spell out the learning objectives and say more about the targeted students. There is a concern about the course having sufficient enrollment.
- The course itself could be fleshed out more. Is there an implied overall theme relating to digital technology other than “the impact of technology on humanities research and pedagogy”? Are there other texts and readings other than “A Companion to Digital Studies”? How much of the course will be “learning about” as distinct from “learning how to”?
My initial reaction was umbrage; I was certain my colleagues’ technological reticence was clouding their judgement. But upon further reflection—which came through developing, revising, and re-revising this course from their feedback, and learning from students who have taken each version of the course—I believe they were almost entirely right to reject that first proposal.
As a result of these experiences, I’ve been thinking more and more about the problem of “digital humanities qua digital humanities,” particularly amidst the accelerated growth of undergraduate classes that explicitly engage with digital humanities methods. In the first part of this talk, I want to outline three challenges I see hampering truly innovative digital pedagogy in humanities classrooms. To do so, I will draw on my experiences at two very different campuses—the first a small, relatively isolated liberal arts college and the second a medium-sized research university—as well as those of colleagues in a variety of institutions around the country.
As an opening gambit, I want to suggest that undergraduate students do not care about digital humanities. I want to suggest further that their disinterest is right and even salutary, because what I really mean is that undergrads do not care about DH qua DH. In addition, I don’t think most graduate students in literature, history, or other humanities fields come to graduate school primarily invested in becoming “digital humanists,” though there are of course exceptions. Continue reading
For breakout groups in the “Out-of-the-Box” DH Tools session at the Boston-Area DH Consortium Faculty Retreat (Fall 2013):
visit http://voyant-tools.org and upload a text you want to analyse
for sample texts you can grab the plain text file from Project Gutenberg.
download trial version of Oxygen: http://www.oxygenxml.com/download_oxygenxml_editor.html (and sign up for trial account; registration key will arrive in email)
download TEI schema and templates as a zip file
open exercise_template.xml from within Oxygen
to view with TEI Boilerplate, just open the XML file in a browser
crib sheets and other materials are available here: http://www.wwp.brown.edu/outreach/seminars/_current/handouts/
use the Omeka sandbox with dummy account: http://omeka.org/sandbox
user name: demo; password: sandbox
visit http://sandbox.neatline.org/webservice/nl-admin/register and create an account
visit http://sandbox.neatline.org/webservice/nl-admin/login and log in
In the next few days I’ll be teaching a few workshops centered largely on teaching participants to georeference historical maps using ArcGIS. I’ll do this first at the Northeastern English Graduate Student Association’s 2013 Conference, /alt, and then at the Boston-Area Days of DH conference we’re hosting at the NULab March 18-19.
We’ll be learning a few things in this workshop:
- How to add base maps and other readily-importable data to ArcGIS
- How to plot events in ArcGIS using spreadsheet data
- How to georeference a historical map in ArcGIS
For that last goal, this step-by-step guide by Kelly Johnston should be your go-to reference. We’ll be following Kelly’s instructions almost to the letter, though we’ll be using different data.
We’ll be using these files for the lab. This tutorial, prepared for my graduate digital humanities class, walks through the same steps we’ll follow, in case you need to review a step here or later:
A few other worthwhile links:
- The Spatial Humanities site is a useful clearinghouse of both spatial theory and praxis across a range of humanities fields. Kelly Johnston’s step-by-step above is only one of a growing collection of such resources on the Spatial site.
- The David Rumsey Historical Map Collection. If you want a historical map with which to practice—or, frankly, for your research, this is an excellent first stop. In short, it’s many thousands of historical maps, provided for free. In order to download high-resolution versions of the maps, you must create a (free) account and log in.
- Neatline is an incredibly robust Omeka plugin that allows you to create spatial exhibits of your collected materials. Check out some of the demos—it’s really phenomenal stuff. We won’t have time to go over Neatline, but one could, for instance, make use of a map georeferenced in ArcGIS as a base map for a Neatline exhibit.
- Hypercities is another important spatial humanities platform that makes use of Google Earth and allows users to build “deep maps” of spatial data, historical maps, images, video, and text. Check out some of their collections to see what Hypercities can do. The collections around Los Angeles, Berlin, and Rome are particularly robust.
Finally, two spatial nonsequitors:
I’m cross-posting this from the course’s website.
This past Monday Technologies of Text took the train to the North End to visit The Printing Office of Edes & Gill, a colonial print shop adjacent to the Old North Church. The proprietor and master printer, Gary Gregory, was—quite simply—fantastic. When we arrived he closed the shop and gave us a special demo of his English Commons Press. Most incredibly, he even allowed the students (and me!) to operate the press, inking the type and pulling the lever to print the Boston edition of the Declaration of Independence. Afterwards he gave us the three copies our class printed. I cannot more highly recommend Edes & Gill for local college classes interested in the history of print. Christina’s and Zach’s posts about the trip are well worth reading.
While we were there I shot some (admittedly poor) pictures and one (better) video of our experience. Lots of students were taking pictures as well, and I hope to add some of their pictures soon. For now, however, I’ve embedded a slideshow of my pictures and the video below.
Later today I’ll join a workshop for graduate students in Northeastern University’s English Graduate Program who are making (or considering) a run on the job market. As a recent survivor of the market I hope I can offer some insight into its quirks and vicissitudes. To that end—and with the help of several colleagues on Twitter—I’ve compiled a list of useful articles for students embarking on the academic job search.
- Brian Croxall’s “Preparing Now for Next Year’s Job Market” is pitched as a help for students preparing over the summer. Even with summer now gone, however, the post provides a useful summary of most materials students will need for academic job applications.
- Thanks to Travis Foster for pointing my attention to William H. Wandless’ practical, detailed, and insightful posts about the job application process: “The Academic Job Market: English Search Advice” Part I, Part II, and Part III.
Introduction to the Digital Humanities
Dr. Ryan Cordell, June 12, 2012
I. What is DH? (2:00pm-2:45pm)
Before today’s session you all read the following articles:
- Matthew Kirschenbaum, “What is Digital Humanities and What’s it Doing in English Departments?”
- All six articles in the New York Times’ series, “Humanities 2.0”
As a class, we’ll use these articles (and our discussion) to do the following:
- Collaborate on a basic, working definition of “digital humanities”;
- List the various kinds of methodologies that comprise the DH field;
- Identify the common priorities, concerns, and/or values of DH practitioners;
At the end of this crowdsourcing session, I will present some of my answers to these same questions. You can view my slides here.
II. Not Reading C19 Novels: Research (2:45-3:30)
The idea for this workshop was stolen from my colleague Paul Fyfe of Florida State University. He describes his version of the assignment in “How Not to Read a Victorian Novel,” Journal of Victorian Culture 16, no. 1 (April 2011). Here’s how Paul introduces the assignment for his students: Continue reading
I’m happy to announce that I will join the Northeastern University English Department in the Fall of 2012. I deeply appreciate the support I’ve received from my colleagues at St. Norbert College over the past two years. I will miss them and this institution, which truly lives its mission of communio and has made our family so welcome in De Pere.
Though leaving St. Norbert is bittersweet, I am excited about this move for several reasons, both professional and personal:
- At Northeastern I will join a group of faculty who will plan and found a new Center for Digital Humanities and Computational Social Sciences. The new Center will have a physical space on campus as early as this fall—in which case my office will be in the Center, along with those of several other affiliated faculty members. Since leaving Virginia, I’ve missed the rich, collaborative community of its Scholars Lab. I hope to help foster the growth of such a community at Northeastern, and to join the larger community of digital humanists in the Boston area.
- I’ll teach more digital humanities courses. Approximately half of my teaching will be allocated to Center-related courses, and I should teach both a graduate and undergraduate DH course next year. I’ve greatly enjoyed teaching “Technologies of Text” this semester, and I’m thrilled by the chance to teach DH courses more regularly at Northeastern.
- I look forward to delving into Boston’s amazing archives. My scholarship depends heavily on archival research, and for a scholar of nineteenth-century American literature and culture, there are few (if any) better places to work than New England. I look forward to working at places like the Boston Public Library, the American Antiquarian Society, and the Harvard Library.
- On a more personal note, our family is eager to move back East and closer to grandparents, aunts, and uncles. It’s been tougher than we expected living two day’s drive—or one very expensive plane flight—from family. In Boston, we’ll be only one day’s drive from my parents, and more easily connected by plane or train to other relatives on the East Coast. The kids, of course, also can’t wait to explore Boston: its museums, zoo, aquarium, Red Sox games, and myriad other activities.
This summer will be a busy one. We plan to spend much of it in Virginia, making occasional excursions up to Boston to tour neighborhoods and find a place to live. If you’re in the Boston area and can help us with that endeavor, please let me know!